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Collagen is the building block of all connective tissues. Some collagen-based mostly connective tissues like bone and most cartilages, are a part of your body's load-bearing framework. Their function is to withstand "compressive" forces, while grossly sustaining the body's shape. However, you've the elastic, collagen-primarily based, connective tissues, whose chief job is to beat the "tensile" forces which can be continuously attempting to drag joints apart. These specific tissues do not should be able to bear heavy loads, however instead, have to be able to stretch and elast (to at the very least a slight degree) while resisting tearing. These "elastic" collagen-based connective tissues embody ligaments, tendons, muscle groups, and fascia. It's fascia we are concerned with here.

Although you might have never heard the term "fascia" earlier than, you undoubtedly have seen it and know what it is. It is the thin (virtually translucent), white / yellow membrane that tightly surrounds muscles - or a pot roast. Deer hunters in our area call it "Striffin". The time period "fascia" comes from the Latin word meaning "band" or "bandage," which is appropriate, because it is sort of a very thin ligamentous sheath or band.


"Fascia are the robust layers of fibrous, collagen-based mostly connective tissues that permeate the human body throughout. Fascia is the thin, cellophane-like, connective tissue that surrounds muscle tissues, groups of muscle mass, blood vessels, and nerves; binding these buildings together in much the identical method that plastic wrap can be utilized to hold the contents of a sandwich together. Fascia is the tissue where the musculoskeletal system, circulatory system, and nervous system, all converge. Fascia consists of a number of layers, and extends uninterrupted from the top of the head to the tip of the toes. Like ligaments and tendons, fascia contains carefully packed bundles of wavy collagen fibers which can be oriented in a parallel fashion. Subsequently, wholesome fascia are flexible constructions that are able to resist nice uni-directional pressure forces."


Be aware that almost all anatomical drawings don't show much fascia. This leads to the misguided view that fascia shouldn't be an vital tissue, although it makes up roughly 1/three of the tissue that's present in a muscle. There are a number of vital features of the fascia:

It binds and holds muscular tissues together in a compact package.
It ensures proper alignment of the muscle fibers, blood vessels, nerves, and different tissue parts inside the muscle.
It transmits forces and loads, evenly all through your complete muscle.
It creates a uniformly smooth surface that basically "lubricates" the assorted surfaces that are available in contact with one another throughout movement.
It permits the muscle to change form as they lengthen or shorten.
As long as the person collagen fibers that make up the fascia, https://faszienball.de.tl/ are aligned in parallel fashion to one another, the tissue is stretchy and elastic (think about long hair that has been combed out. If you run a comb or brush through it, it glides -- smoothly and unrestricted). But what occurs when fascia is injured?


When fascia is stretched beyond its regular load-bearing capacity, it begins to tear. Bear in mind that these tears are so microscopic that they by no means show up on an x-ray, and solely on uncommon events (presumably the Plantar Fascia) will they show up on an MRI. Fascial tears may be caused by sports injuries, repetitive trauma, automotive wrecks, postural distortions, falls, child bearing, abuse, and so on, and so forth, etc. Very often folks have no idea how they ended up with fascial adhesions.

At any time when a muscle is impacted (contact sports, falls, abuse, and so forth), or overused (lifting weights, running, over-training, heavy or repetitive jobs, and many others); collagen microfibers form in between adjacent layers of fascia to bind them collectively in order that the muscle groups can heal. These microfibers act like a cast. Unfortunately, they don't go away after the realm has healed, and tend to accumulate over time. This signifies that over time, the elastic, collagen-based mostly tissues (notably muscle mass and fascia) get increasingly stiffer and less stretchy.